Over Pronation Explained
Pronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards and the arch of the foot flattens during gait, hence the term 'flat feet'. Pronation is a normal part of the gait cycle and helps to provide shock absorption at the foot, but over-pronation transfers this shock to the muscles, tendons and ligaments of the foot, ankle and knee.
There are a number of conditions that are related directly to over pronation, such as: Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain, Arch Pain), Hallux Limitus (Big Toe Joint Pain), Shin Splints, Runner's Knee, Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS), Achilles Tendonitis. You can click through to an explanation of each of these and a recommended intervention.